In this new publication I bring to you a recipe, and summarised information about Celtic people who inhabited Galiza. The reason is my deep boredom because of the fact to repeat a hundred times that in my previous land we don’t eat “paella” neither dance flamenco, neither Madrid or Barcelona are the capitals of that land.
Nevertheless, when I was living in ‘spain’ my references about English people was a ‘whity’ person soaking up the sun in the sleepy Benidorm, catching up his cancer and contending in ingests of alcohol. But there is a poignant gap between the appearances and the reality. From the Victorian Britain era their heads were filled by mottoes as “where there’s muck there’s brass”, and were proud of the smoke in which they drenched their cities in which they made their money. If anyone check-up around it’s easy to see black people and people-like from other countries but also they speak a proper English but never drink and not by luck of guts.
Anyway, casting jokes aside, here I leave one version of how a “galician pie” recipe could be. And then you can read a light version about the “celts” in Galicia.
Ingredients for the dough of the Galician Pie. (8 people)
500g plain flour
100ml of milk
150ml of olive oil, if it comes from the fry of the filling much better.
50/100ml de wine
2 eggs, one is for brushing the lid, for glazing.
Pinch of salt and pinch of sugar
Ingredients for the filling of the Galician Pie.
2 peppers, finely sliced
1 bay leaf
2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped
2 chopped hard-boiled-eggs
1 pinch of paprika (pimentón de la Vera)
The main ingredient can be stuffed with whatever you like (could be, cod with raisins, mussels with squid, chicken… scallops, etc.)
1-To begin with the pie, I start with the filling because I use the frying oil to work the dough. I put olive oil enough (150ml) to heat and I add the bay leaf. Once it is hot I shred the onions; this means cuts in fine slices so-called “julienne strips” and put it into the fry pan. I do the same with the garlic. I leave to simmer the onions for ten minutes and after those ten minutes I add the pepper. I let to simmer the filling five minutes.
The next step is to put the filling in a strainer to extract the oil for the dough. (If you use a lot of this used oil the dish could be more heavy). In the same pan which I used before I put the main ingredient. If it is cod for example, I fry it for ten minutes with two handfuls of raisins. I add over the fried vegetables mixed with the two chopped hard-boiled-eggs. I add tomato sauce and let it simmer 8 minutes, and put it aside.
2-Now I will explain the dough. I place the flour in a bowl although at first not all, I set aside a fifth of the total. I make a well in the centre and pour the milk with salt and stir with a fork. I add an egg and start to knead with my hands and pour the wine. Then I add the fifth of the flour that I set aside before. I work the dough FOR five minutes and then I pour the oil and knead the dough again another five minutes until get a smooth texture. I lid the bowl with a damp cloth to set aside one or two hours.
3-The third and last part. Cut the dough in two and over a lightly floured surface, spread the dough with a rolling pin to reach the SHAPE of the tray. I grease the baking tray with butter and sprinkle with flour. We roll out the dough over the tray and cover it with the filling, leaving the edges free so that they can then be folded over the top. We lid with other piece of dough. We close well the borders with OUR fingers, and we prick the lid with a fork and open a small well in the centre.
Preheat the oven at 180º with airflow, we leave it baking around 40 minutes.
Celtic is an ethnic and cultural concept.
Archaeology divides the timeline of the Celts in two: The Hallstatt culture, which extends from 1200 BC to 475 BC (which corresponds to what is called the first iron age), and the La Tena culture (or Lateniana, corresponding to the second iron age), which goes from 475 and ends with the Roman conquest in 51 BC, while in Ireland it extends until the Middle Ages.
In the 4th century BC there are a series of circumstances that cause migrations that export this culture throughout Europe and make up the classical Celtic, the one that arrives from Galatia in Turkey to the Celts of Iberia, in addition to reaching the British Isles ...
In origin, Celtic people is a protohistoric people, that is, a people that did not have a developed writing system and that is not considered part of ancient history….
Around the year 400 a. C. the Celtic presence in continental Europe was recognizable only in place names. It has only been in the British Isles where the Celts have preserved part of their cultural and ethnic identity.
The original settlement of Celts seems to have been in the central European area that currently corresponds to Austria and Bohemia. During the first millennium a. C. progressively spread to the west (towards the British Isles, France and the Iberian Peninsula), to the east (Romania and the Carpathians) and south (Italy, Greece and Anatolia).
At some point in the Bronze Age, populations that spoke a Celtic language must have settled in the NW of the Iberian Peninsula and were responsible for the Celtization of that territory. 300 (a.c.)
Celtic God, Lug Lucus. Name of one of the galician provinces.
These Celtic language populations settled in the NW of the peninsula since the Bronze Age would be, together with other peoples of the same area, speakers of other non-Celtic languages, such as Galician-Lusitanian, the protagonists, from an archaeological point of view, of the process of sedentary lifestyle that gave rise to the “castro” culture (Galician-Lusitanians) of the NW of Spain.
390, when the Celts, led by Brenno, stormed/raid Rome and sacked it…
Throughout the first half of the 20th century, Ireland achieved independence and became a republic. At the same time in Galicia the Celtic myth was a constant in literary research….
Medieval Gaelic text recollected by Micheál or Cléirigh and edited by R.A.S. Macalister and John Macneill.
Leabhar Gabhala, a book that mix realities and lend to narrate the history of Ireland from prehistoric times to the conquest of the Celtic poles. Or more remarkable of the text, especially for the scoop panceltic of the galician group Nós, and that our chapters that are translated or Galician report that the Celts, direct descendants of two pharaohs of Egypt, settled first in Galicia, specifically in Brigantia (identified with the galician city… Coruña, the Tower of Breoghan-Hercules) to later conquer the island of Ireland. In this way, it is not only possible to demonstrate the supposed Celtic origin of the Galicians, but the idea itself is overcome, since the modern Irish themselves would be descendants of Galician Celts.
In the 5th century the Bretons arrived who stayed along the “mariña lucense”.
The last of the invasions, that of the sons of Mil, also came from Spain, but came from a distant place in Asia: the kingdom of Scythia. They first arrived in Egypt, where they became related to the royal lineage of the Pharaohs and learned of Egyptian rule over the Israelites and the disaster suffered by Pharaoh's army in the Red Sea. Then they were in Crete and Sicily and finally arrived in Spain, where they had to fight with the tribes of the peninsula: the Toisona, the Bachra and the Lombards. They defeated them all and took control of the country. The victorious chief was named Brath and was a descendant of Noah. Brath had a son, Breogán,
He founded the city of Brigantia and erected a tower by the sea on it: the Torre de Breogán, CORUÑA. One of Breogán's sons, Ith, glimpsed from the Tower of Breogán a remote island that turned out to be Ireland.
The Milesians came to Ireland from Galicia to avenge the death of Ith (son of Breogán), an explorer who was murdered by three of the Kings of the Tuatha Dé Danann, the Irish gods; Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht and Mac Gréine. Upon reaching land and stepping on the Island for the first time, Amergin sang a hymn, known as "Amergin's Song." The three queens of the Tuatha Dé Dannan, (Banba, Ériu and Fódla), gave permission to Amergin and his people to settle in Ireland. Each one asked that the Island be named in their honor; to which Amergin agreed, Ériu became the main name of the island, currently called Éire in Irish Gaelic, and Banba and Fódla are poetic names given to the island, as well as Albion for England.
The bagpipe was not known to the Welsh SXV… it was an English thing.
When the first Celts arrived in Britain in 1800 BC, Stonehenge was 200 years old.
Connecting with the Tartessian Theory and the Leabhar Gabhala
During the Roman domination of the island from the 7th century AD. C. onwards, the pressure of the Anglo-Saxons forced the British Celts to retreat towards the western coasts, and they also suffered the attacks of new and unexpected invaders, their "cousins" the Gaelic Celts, the latter finally settled in Ireland, and from there they subsequently spread to western Scotland, northwestern England, and the Isle of Man. In turn, the British Celts moved from Cornwall to the French region of Brittany between the 5th and 6th centuries, creating a stable continental strategical point.
…. “with this study, if it is considered valid, we can reach the surprising conclusion that the writing signs used in the primitive Spanish-Portuguese region of Tartessos, from approximately the 7th century BC. C., are the same or very similar to the runes that we know in Europe from the 1st century AD. C. ".
ESTELA with runes
“Invoking the Lugos of the Neri (niir) people, in commemoration of a Noble of the Kaaltee / Galtia: he rests forever within there. Summoning all heroes. The tomb of Taśiionos has received it ”(translation of the reading of John T. Koch) in [Celts from the west].
This inscription belongs to the Tartessian culture, and is the widest preserved to date. It is dated in the 5th century BC.
Erodotus, in the 5th century BC. C. says in its History that the oldest Celts existed next to the town of the cinetes in the area of Tartessos. From the historical studies carried out by different specialists we know that “this town of the“ Celtici ”from the Tartessos area later emigrated and founded a settlement in the southern part of Galicia and we also know from the primitive Irish manuscripts –The Annals of Clonmacnoise and The Book of Invasions-, that the Scots settlements, later known as inhabitants of Ireland and Scotland, settled in the area of Tartessos, where they multiplied and created a settlement to later establish a kingdom in the area of Galicia and later invade and conquer Ireland ”.
Therefore, despite the fact that archaeologists and linguists place the origin of the Celts around 700 BC. C. in central Europe, in present-day Austria, southern Germany and Switzerland, in these places there are no data that testify that they spoke the Celtic language as such. On the other hand, they do so in the oldest Celtic writings that have been found in Iberia and Gaul, eminently in inscriptions on metals or stones. Some of them date from the s. III a. de C.
However against the “tartessian theory”… the next document is a serious study which describes the individual histories of the ancient Celtic, Italo-Celtic, Celtiberian, Galas, and Ogam-Irish epigraphic traditions. (...) The southwestern or 'tartessian' corpus, nearly 100 inscriptions from the southwestern corner of the Iberian Peninsula, does not belong to Celtic, although there have been attempts to show that they are evidence for an early Celtic language (Koch 2009, 2011). Its linguistic affiliation is unknown and only highly speculative interpretations have been proposed so far. (...) ": The Early Celtic Epigraphic Evidence and Early Germanic Language Literacy, David Stifter, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, North West European Language Evolution, 2020:…https://www.academia.edu/43858144/The_Early_Celtic_Epigraphic_Evidence_and_Early_Literacy_in_Germanic_Languages_pre_print_?fbclid=IwAR21CAx0qNIlPdbgubGgfY2yHyVYoYBTzmHDiLkS16REE5dBBK0lm4bDRpA